Srinagar is the capital of the
state of Jammu and Kashmir in India, and is situated in the
valley of Kashmir. The city lies on both banks of the Jhelum
River, a tributary of the Indus River. The city is famous for
its lakes and houseboats floating over them. It is also known
for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts and dry fruits. Srinagar
is 876 km north of Delhi.
Tourism is the most significant segment of the city's economy.
The city of Srinagar has been serving as a gateway to some of
the most scenic and beautiful places of the India
Location: 34°5′23″N, 74°47′24″E
Highest temperature: 41 °C; lowest −20 °C
The weather of Srinagar may be generally described as alpine.
The city has mild summers during the months of April-June, and
cold winters of November-February. The city generally gets
heavy snowfall from December to February.
The city is located on both the sides of the river Jhelum,
which is called Vyath in Kashmir. The river passes through the
city and meandering through the valley, moves onward and
deepens in the Wular Lake. The city is famous for its nine old
bridges, connecting the two parts of the city.
Like the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Srinagar too has a
distinctive blend of cultural heritage. Holy places in and
around the city depict the historical cultural and religious
diversity of the city as well as the Kashmir valley.
THE DAL LAKE
Dal Lake , 8 km has a total area of 26 sq km. At Dal Gate,
a gate lets out the lake water to prevent it from flooding.
Dal has three islands, Silver Island ( Ropa Lank) popular as
Char Chinar, built by Prince Murad, son of Emperor Shah Jahan,
Golden Island ( Sona Lank) at the south end and Nehru Park, as
island just few yards away from the road side.
Water skiing is a favorite sport among tourists during summer.
Motor launches with ski boards are available on hire. During
the Winter season, migratory birds float in the lake making it
a magnificent scene, The lake offers splendid colours and
moods with every change in the weather that mesmerizes the
visitors and locals too. Dal is a photographers delights.
Expansion of houseboats was carried out during Mughal period
and later this British further modernised them along with the
boatmen of the day. Dal lake is home to more than a thousand
houseboats know for their unique luxury facilities.
The houseboats are designed with Walnut and Deodar wood work
and the base is make of a special wood that makes it float for
decades, It is advisable to book a room in advance directly
with the owner or a travel agent.
Shikara are boats used as means of transportation from
ghats to houseboats and for sightssing in the lake, While on
shikara ride one gets immersed in the panoramic view of the
Zabarwan range and in the vastness of the lake symphonized
with waves formed by the shikarawala's rowing. A boat ride of
interior Dal is an adventure. The water borne life of the
people inside the lake is a different experience. The floating
shops on the boats are the main markets of the people.
Most pleasurable day picnic spots for the tourist, the famed
Mughal Gardens are located between Dal Lake and Zaborwan
mountain range on Boulevard. These gardens are memorials of
love for mankind and the natural beauty.
Shalimar Garden : 15 km from City, Built by Emperor Jehangir
for his wife Nur Jehan in 1616. The garden has some attractive
Mughal structure carved from black marble in Diwan – e – Khas
used for the guests of the Emperor as Banquet halls.
Situated on the foothills of Zabarwan range, the
garden has a spring known for its medicinal properties .
Cheshmashahi was laid out in 1632 by Mardan Khan. It is
considered as most serence since the garden is 4 km away form
Boulevard’s hustle and bustle.
On the way of Cheshmashahi, on can visit a marvelous garden
spread over several acres of land. The Botanical Garden was
established by the State government for floricultural purpose
and is now open to the public.
Pari Mahal : 3 km ahed of Cheshmashahi is a school of
astrology built by Prince Dara Shukho, eldest son of Shah
Jahan who had keen interest in observation of stars & Sufism.
Situated amidst the Zabarawan hills at a height, the
breathtaking scene of the lake and city makes every visitor
stay for a little longer.
Nishat Bagh : 11 km from Srinagar City, The Garden
Designed by Abul Hassan Asif Khan eldest brother of Nur Jehan,
who was governor of Kashmir during the reign of Jehangir, this
garden has 7 terraces and a stone channel for running water in
Shankar Acharya Temple : 5 km from Nehru Park, the temple
stands atop Takht e Suleman Legend describes the building of
temple by King Solomon in 3000 BC to store the treasure of 300
golden and silver statues.
15 km enshrines the holy relic of Prophet Muhammad The relic
was brought to India in 1634 by Syed Abdullah and acquired by
Khwaja Noor ud Din Ishbari a Kashmiri trader in 1692. It is
displayed to the devotees on various religious occasions
during the year when people of every class stand in a row to
have a glimpse of the holy relic to get blessed. The complex
is carved with wonderful white marble work which shines over
the years with same glow and stature. The Shrine can also be
visited via Dal Lake in a shikara.
Shrine of Maqdoom Sahib : A revered saint of Kashmir
commonly know as Hazrat Sultan, is on the southern side of the
hillock making it a precedent of religious solidarity in
Shah Hamdan Mosque : 7 km is one of the oldest mosques in
Srinagar originally built in 1395 by Sultan Qutab ud din in
respect of Syed Ali Hamdani Rh Shah Hamdan played a major role
in spreading Islam in the Valley with the help of 700 other
saints who followed his from Hamdan in Persia. The mosque has
breathtaking woodcarvings and fine papier Mache work.
Kohi Maran (Hari Parbat) 6 km Surmounted by an 18 the
century fort constructed by Atta Mohammad Khan an Afgan
governor. The hill is surrounded by a wall built by Akbar in
Ad 1592 -98 . Almond orchards used to be a favourite picnic
spots fo Kashmiri people in spring during blossom time.
By Air :
Srinagar Airports is connected with Indira Gandhi Airpots, New
Delhi by daily direct flights via Jammu operated by Indian
Airlines, Jet Airways, Air Shahara, Kingfisher, Spice Jet, Air
Deccan and GoAir.
One can hire a taxi from the airport taxi stand at reasonable
charges the 14 km journey from airport to the city provides a
view of modern Srinagar city full of daytime hustle bustle.
By Rail :
Jammu Tawi Railway Station connects J&K State with rest of the
country by a of number of regular and special holiday trains
starting from all major cities of India. At the railway
station, buses and taxis are available daily from Srinagar,
particularly in the morning.
By Road : Jammu to Srinagar
From Jammu, book a seat in the daily bus service of J&K State
Road Transport Corporation.
Jammu to Srinagar is 198 km mostly hill road. On reaching
Jaijjarkotli, 40 km from Jammu stop for a tea break, Traveling
via tourist resorts like Kud and Patnitop , 125 km from Jammu
comfortable private hotels and tourist bungalow & huts of
JKTDC are available. Generally the next stop for lunch break
is Ramban , 153 km Crossing via Banihal village 190 km, you
reach Hawahar tunnel at at altitude of 3000 meters, built in
1956 On other side of the tunnel change in the air and
charismatic view of the nature is first feeling.